Fluency is one’s ability to read a text smoothly without little to no hesitation, pausing correctly at punctuation, while reading with expression. Fluency is not something most readers just have naturally. It takes time and practice. Usually the more one reads, the more fluent they become.
From 1997 – 2000, the US Department of Education formed the National Reading Panel. The purpose of the panel was to determine the most effective way to teach reading. They reviewed over 100,000 reading studies to make their evaluation and put forth a recommended plan. Their plan is known as the BIG FIVE.